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Maize By-Product

The Maize Kernel is a complex mixture of starch, protein, oil water, fiber vitamins and pigments all wrapped in a package. The cirn/ Maize wet milling process increases the nutritional and economic value of this package by separating it into homogenous fractions each having its specific identity and end use.


Functional Advantages


Maize Germ(HSNcode:23031000)
This is valuable by-product being rich in oil. It has a pleasant nutty taste when fresh but can quickly become rancid if not treated within a short time after milling. Its main value is in the oil which can be extracted or it can be used as animal feed without oil extraction. For economical oil extraction the germ should have maximum moisture content of 2-3% avoid formation of free fatty acids during storage. Whole germ with undamaged cells is less susceptible to formation of free fatty acid. A minimum fat content of 14% is also required. Germ should be dried to a maximum of 4%-5% moisture for  lengthy storage. It is  important that germ is cooled following drying and prior to binning. The oil yield drops with extended storage prior to the expellers. Pelletting is preferred as this stabilizes the fat and improves handling.


Maize Germ Cake

Maize Germ  once passed through an expeller results in two major products, Maize oil and Maize oil cake ,the cake provides nutritive addition to cattle feed.


Maize Oil (HSN code:15152100)

Corn oil is oil extracted from the germ of corn (maize) Its main use is in cooking, where its high smoke point makes it a valuable frying oil. It is also a key ingredient in some margarine. One metric ton of corn contains 28 kg of corn oil (2.8% by weight) Refind corn oil is 99% triglyceride, with proportions of approximately 59% polyunsaturated fatty acid, 24% monounsaturated fatty acid, and 13% saturated fatty acid. Corn oil is also one source of biodiesel: it is expected to become a greater source of biodiesel and a backup source in  case of large-scale. Other industrial uses for corn oil include soap salve, paint, rust proofing for metal surfaces, inks textiles, and insecticides. It is sometimes used as a carrier for drug molecules in pharmaceutical preparations.



Maize Coarse Bran
Maize Bran or Corn fibre is produced by corn wet-milling. Along with  the corn  fibres, portions of the  protein, oil, and starch from corn are separated with the starch from corn are separated with the fibre stream. Corn fibre is composed of approximately 12-25% starch, 10-13% protein, 33-42% hemicelluloses 15-18% cellulose 3-6% oil, and 1-2% other components, a corn fibre stream coming from dewatering presses contains about 30 to about 50% solids. Rich in nutrients it forms a major ingredient for cattle feed. It has been  know to help in increasing the milk yield. However due to concerns of commodity is made available corn fibre is being used as a feedstock for the manufacture of Ethanol.


Maize Fine Bran

This is a medium protein ingredient composed of the bran and fibrous portions. It may or may not contain the condensed corn extracives. It is produced in wet or dry form both. The dried Fine bran analyzes typically as 21% protein 2.5% fat, and 8%fibra. It is a perishable product in 6 10 days and must be fed or stored in an anaerobic environment. As Fine bran is high in certain key nutreitants is widely used in complete feeds dairy and beet cattle, poultry, swine and pet foods.


This information is presented in good faith, but warranty as to accuracy of results is not given nor is freedom from patent infringement to be inferred. It is offered solely for your consideration, investigation, and verfication. SUKHJIT PRODUCTS EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMER ALL WARRANTIES, expressed or implied, including but not limited to, warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. Technical data, which should not be constructed as being specifications, falls within the range of Sukhjit Products standard manufacturing practice. Product as received will vary within this range.
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